New York is an interesting city, and it didn't get this way by chance. City planners have been busy in the Big Apple for a long time. But planning is far from a perfect science. Did you know, with today's zoning laws 40% of the buildings in Manhattan couldn't be built?

Here are a few 
maps I made taking a look at the zoning breakdown of NYC.

  1. Zoning Map of New York City
    Zoning Map of New York City
  2. All Zones
    All Zones
  3. Park Land
    Park Land
  4. Public Space
    Public Space
    Description
  5. Low-density Multifamily Residentials
    Low-density Multifamily Residentials
  6. Residential Only
    Residential Only
  7. Commercial & Manufacturing Only
    Commercial & Manufacturing Only
  8. Mixed-use
    Mixed-use
In 2017, almost half of Americans wanted to increase anti-terrorism spending, but is that warranted? We know that Americans often perceive much greater risk regarding violent crimes than really exists. According to a Pew Report, the American public perceives crime to be more rampant than the data show.

Violent crime has generally trended downward since the early 90s. But in 18 of the 22 Gallup surveys on violent crime, since 1993, 60 percent of Americans surveyed said there was more crime in the U.S. compared with the year before. Given this, it’s important to consider the actual risks of issues like terrorism or anything else that harms us. Are we correctly assessing these risks? And more broadly, does government spending accurately reflect these risks?

Here are a few 
visualizations I created digging into risk in the United States, read my full analysis for People For Reason and Progress here.

  1. Map of US Terrorism
    Map of US Terrorism
    Say we are considering deaths from terrorist acts from 1975 through 2015, including the 9/11 attack. Let’s narrow the scope to attacks linked to non-Americans, since this is the most politically charged area of interest. In that time span, the likelihood of an American dying from such an attack was 1 in 3.6 million, or 0.028 per 100,000 people. Now, let’s compare this to other causes: Gun Homicides – about 4.5 per 100,000 people – 162 times greater Traffic Deaths – about 12.5 per 100,000 people – 450 times greater Heart Disease – about 196 per 100,000 people – 7,056 times greater
  2. Worldwide Terrorism Deaths
    Worldwide Terrorism Deaths
    In terms of acts of terror, there is no objective way of defining what counts as one. Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) program seems to be an accepted authority in terms of data on terrorism. According to their data, there were 10,900 terrorist attacks around the worldwide in 2017— responsible in all for taking 26,400 lives (including those that perpetrated the acts). This shows a decrease from the year before, which was a decrease from the year before that (2015). In 2017, the year of the horrific Las Vegas shooting, 95 people were killed by terrorist attacks in America. (Granted some do not include this as a “terrorist” event.) From a policy perspective, the increase in death toll from 2014 to 2017 is very bad, but it must be taken into context with other threats.
  3. Top 12 Causes of Death in the US
    Top 12 Causes of Death in the US
    Fortunately, terrorism is far from a leading cause of death in the United States. Data from the Center for Disease Control shows that from 1999-2017, heart attacks, cancer, and unintentional injuries were the biggest causes of death for American men. For women, the rates are identical except that chronic respiratory disease takes the place of unintentional injuries. It has long been known that women, on average, live healthier, longer lives than men. And essentially, accidents – falls, alcohol related car accidents, and other preventable events – plague men at much higher rates than women. When dissecting the data by race, we see that diabetes is a major killer of African Americans and American Indians, especially women.
  4. Other Leading Causes Compared to gun homicides
    Other Leading Causes Compared to gun homicides
    Attacks with firearms is listed way down the the causes of death list. In comparison to other causes of death, being shot or shooting one’s self is not a huge threat. Malnutrition and car crashes kills more Americans than gun homicides. And deaths from gun-wielding extremists wouldn’t even be visible on a graph of these leading causes.


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